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Understanding PUWER Compliance: What You Need to Know

PUWER, or the Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations, is a set of regulations that governs the use of work equipment in the workplace. These regulations are designed to ensure the safety of workers and minimise the risk of accidents and injuries caused by work equipment.

Here's what you need to know about PUWER compliance:

  1. Scope: PUWER applies to all work equipment used in the workplace, including machinery, tools, appliances, and vehicles. It covers a wide range of industries and workplaces, from manufacturing plants to offices to construction sites.

  2. Responsibilities: Under PUWER, employers have a legal duty to ensure that work equipment is safe to use, properly maintained, and used correctly. This includes conducting risk assessments, providing adequate training and instruction to employees, and implementing control measures to mitigate risks.

  3. Risk Assessment: One of the key requirements of PUWER is conducting a risk assessment of work equipment. Employers must identify any hazards associated with the equipment, assess the risks to employees, and take steps to eliminate or control those risks.

  4. Maintenance: PUWER requires employers to ensure that work equipment is properly maintained and in good working order. This includes regular inspections, servicing, and repairs as necessary to prevent accidents and breakdowns.

  5. Training and Instruction: Employers must provide adequate training and instruction to employees who use work equipment. This training should cover how to operate the equipment safely, as well as any specific hazards or risks associated with its use.

  6. Information and Supervision: Employers are also required to provide employees with information about the risks associated with work equipment and how to use it safely. Additionally, they must ensure that employees are adequately supervised when using work equipment, especially if they are inexperienced or unfamiliar with the equipment.

  7. Compliance: Failure to comply with PUWER can result in serious consequences, including fines, legal action, and reputational damage. It is essential for employers to familiarize themselves with the requirements of PUWER and take proactive steps to ensure compliance.


Despite the introduction of PUWER regulations in 1998, some companies still struggle with full compliance. Several factors contribute to this ongoing challenge:

  1. Awareness: Some companies may lack awareness of PUWER regulations or fail to understand their significance in ensuring workplace safety. This could be due to inadequate training, limited resources, or a lack of emphasis on health and safety within the organization.

  2. Complexity: PUWER regulations can be complex and technical, particularly for organizations with diverse work equipment and processes. Understanding and implementing the requirements of PUWER may require specialized knowledge and expertise, which some companies may find challenging to acquire or prioritize.

  3. Resource Constraints: Compliance with PUWER regulations often requires significant time, effort, and financial investment. Smaller companies or those with limited resources may struggle to allocate the necessary resources for training, equipment maintenance, and other compliance measures.

  4. Resistance to Change: Implementing PUWER regulations may require changes to established practices, procedures, and workplace culture. Resistance to change from employees or management can hinder efforts to improve compliance with health and safety regulations.

  5. Enforcement and Oversight: In some cases, lax enforcement or oversight of PUWER regulations by regulatory authorities may contribute to non-compliance. Companies may perceive a lack of consequences for non-compliance, leading to a lower sense of urgency in addressing health and safety issues.

Addressing these challenges requires a concerted effort from all stakeholders, including employers, employees, regulatory authorities, and industry organizations. Companies can improve compliance with PUWER regulations by:

  • Investing in comprehensive training and education programs for employees at all levels.

  • Conducting regular risk assessments and audits to identify and address compliance gaps.

  • Allocating sufficient resources for equipment maintenance, safety measures, and employee training.

  • Fostering a culture of safety that prioritizes compliance with health and safety regulations.

  • Engaging with regulatory authorities and industry associations to stay updated on best practices and compliance requirements.

Ultimately, ensuring full compliance with PUWER regulations is essential for protecting the health and safety of workers and minimizing the risk of accidents and injuries in the workplace. It requires ongoing commitment, vigilance, and collaboration to create a safer working environment for all.


Recent Failures:

On the 10th of April 2024, HSE published a case of a company fined due to employee's leg being trapped and eventually amputated as a result of an incident which occurred back in 2019. Injured person's leg was caught by the rotating blades of a mushroom filling machine and became stuck in the device’s moving parts. A Health and Safety Executive investigation revealed that the organisation failed to adequately assess the operation of the filling machine, in particular the cleaning of the machine. As a result of the incident the company was fined £73,333.00 and ordered to pay £7,522.60 in costs. But this is just a tip of an iceberg as an employee of the organisation suffered life changing injuries. This unfortunate incident underscores the critical importance of workplace safety and the devastating consequences that can result from negligence in ensuring a safe working environment. The fine imposed on the company serves as a clear indication that such incidents are not taken lightly and that employers have a legal and moral obligation to prioritize the safety and well-being of their employees. Additionally, this incident underscores the need for ongoing vigilance and proactive measures to identify and mitigate potential hazards in the workplace.


In summary, PUWER compliance is crucial for ensuring the safety of workers and preventing accidents and injuries in the workplace. By understanding the requirements of PUWER and taking appropriate measures to comply with them, employers can create a safer working environment for their employees and avoid potential legal and financial consequences.


If you need any help with implementing PUWER system, contact our experts.

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